Humans have been relying on irrigation to cultivate plants for centuries. While the technique is ancient, many planters are now focusing on modern issues, especially conserving water. Traditional irrigation already has the benefit of lower monthly water bills, protection to water resources and even a higher annual crop yield without any additional effort or resources required. A well-planned irrigation system can even help you avoid overwatering. All irrigation systems are more efficient with water than their sprinkler counterparts.
Unfortunately, the popular and traditional flood irrigation technique still uses a significant amount of water. Approximately 75 percent of America’s fresh water is used for irrigation. Because of this, many growers are searching for alternative, more efficient irrigation techniques. Let’s take a closer look at the best irrigation systems for water conservation.
A drip system is the most efficient watering technique. Drip devices use only a small fraction of the water required for flood irrigation. The drip tubing is placed throughout the planting bed. Then, water feeds directly to the plant’s base before it is distributed at the perfect rate where the soil can absorb all of the moisture without any evaporation or runoff. This method will save at least 25 percent of the water used by traditional flood irrigation. Sprinkler system companies in Burlington County, NJ can create a custom drip system designed to meet the unique needs of each plant.
Spray irrigation is similar to how many people water at home by standing in the center of their lawn with a spray gun. The large-scale irrigation method is a bit more high-tech, though. The pop-up spray heads automatically disperse water in a full, half- or quarter-circle. Unfortunately, spray systems tend to distribute water faster than it can be absorbed by the soil, resulting in wasted water. A lot of the water can evaporate or even blow away before it ever hits the ground. An irrigation specialist can design the most efficient system possible to reduce water waste.
Water saving additions
Installing additional accessories will also help cut down on water usage. For example, rain sensors will stop automatic irrigation from running when it rains. The system won’t kick back on until the water has stopped, and the rain water has evaporated. Soil moisture sensors are another option. The sensors are placed strategically throughout the growing area to prevent the system from starting when the soil is already moist. These accessories can save up to 60 percent more water than traditional methods when paired with the right irrigation techniques.
Which irrigation system is right for you?
Spray irrigation systems are best for wide expanses, while drip systems are better suited for smaller areas that need a more precise watering schedule. Professional sprinkler system companies in Burlington County, NJ can determine the most water efficient option to best address the needs of your property, as well as help you identify a schedule that meets your needs. Call Star Sprinkler Systems Inc. today to learn more about how to achieve the irrigation your property needs while minimizing water usage.